Today I am going to talk about Asset Value Management (AVM) versus Asset Performance Management (APM). Asset Performance Management has been around for a while, but Asset Value Management is starting to creep into the conversation. In order to understand them we need to know their current definitions:
- AVM – Coming from a traditional financial institution point of view, the typical definition has been, "Value based asset management is about managing the portfolio of assets in capital intensive industries and providing for targeted capital investment."
- APM – According to the Arc Advisory Group, "Asset Performance Management systems act to improve the reliability and availability of physical assets while minimizing risk and operating costs." Note(1)
As we can see from the sources above, traditional AVM seeks to prioritize capital investment and traditional APM seeks to provide better performance through continuous improvement.
There is a problem here. It is illustrated by the questions:
- What if the reliability you are getting out of a particular asset is good enough without APM?
- What if that particular asset is already delivering the value that you need?
These two questions get to the heart of the issue presented and neither of the present definitions address this.
We at Asset Optimization Consultants, Inc. (AOC) want to propose a new definition for Asset Value Management which considers the concerns presented. The definition is:
Managing the value of each existing asset to a predetermined level established by the business requirements. Business requirements can come from various sources such as, but not limited to:
- Profit Margins
- Acceptable Risk Requirements
- Environmental, Health, and Safety Requirements
- Reputational Requirements
This definition addresses the need to provide resources to make some assets provide more value and to allow others to function at their current level without any further investment. This answers the question, of how good is good enough?
The proposed AVM concept is a commonsense approach to managing assets in a chemical plant, refinery, gas plant, etc. Some assets may need to have their performance improved since they need to provide more value and others may function well and provide what is required. This concept is also based upon the "Law of Diminishing Returns". The common definition is, as one production factor increases while the others remain constant, overall production decreases after a certain point. This means that you can only improve the performance of an asset so much; until in begins to adversely affect production, hence value.
Why does this happen? Performance of assets is generally improved through maintenance tasks and most of these tasks require a shut down. More shut down tasks after a certain point means more downtime. This downtime leads to less value produced.
The mathematical concept is simple and is represented by equation (1):
Vreturned = Σ 1n Vreturned equipment n
Vreturned – the value produced by the summation of the value of a group of equipment
Vreturned equipment n – the value produced by a single piece of equipment designated n
The Vreturned equipment n is calculated by equation (2):
Vreturned equipment n = POFequipment n ⋅ Dequipment n ⋅ AVRequipment n
POFequipment n – the probability of failure (POF) of loss of function for a single piece of equipment designated n
Dequipment n – the duration of time for which the single piece of equipment is being analyzed
AVRequipment n – the average rate of value produced over the duration
This value is calculated for a particular duration in time; between two chosen dates. Keep in mind that the POF can be the sum of different values for different failure modes for corresponding specific functions. These specific functions could be anything that takes the asset or group of assets out of production for a significant period of time.
Finally, there has to be a comparison of value produced versus the value target for the same duration. This is mathematically represented by equation (3) and equation (4):
Vreturned >e; Vtarget
This methodology and these equations can be applied to any level in the asset hierarchy down to the individual asset.
The hard part is determining Vtarget. There are a couple of options to calculate this value:
- Operational Asset Utilization (OAU) can be used to back out a production value
- Overall Equipment Efficiency (OEE) can also be used to back out a production value
No matter how it is calculated, this value target must come from the management level of the company, plant, or unit. Also, both the target and the value analysis must be compared for the same duration.
AVM as proposed here, is a better way to manage assets with a finite set of resources. It can be used both for targeted capital investment and for asset performance optimization, but it sets a limit. This truly answers the questions; how good is good enough and where will the continuous improvement end?
Let's continue the conversation! I am interested in your feedback on this proposal. Please comment below or contact me directly to start the conversation:
- Arc Advisory Group, "Asset Performance Management (APM) Defined", https://www.arcweb.com/technologies/asset-performance-management
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